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Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.


Indian Culture

Sources usedWikipedia, CCRT, NIOS, NCERT
Important TopicsDances, architecture, philosophy, painting


The culture of India refers collectively to the thousands of distinct and unique cultures of all religions and communities present in India. India's languages, philosophies, religions, dance, music, architecture, food, and customs differs from place to place within the country. The Indian culture, often labeled as an amalgamation of several cultures, spans across the Indian subcontinent and has been influenced by a history that is several millenniums old.

Indian Philosophy

Main Page: Indian Philosophy

Indian-Philosophy-Icon.svgPhilosophy has been a part of general attitude of Indian society. Though it remained closely connected with religion, yet it maintained the required objectivity to be called as a philosophy. The theories of syatvaad, kshanikvaad and the vedantic traditions have been maintaining great influence on populace of Indian subcontinent.

This chapter will survey all the important theories and thinkers of six major orthodox Hindu philosophies along with four other heterodox schools.

Social and Family Structure

Social structure in India is largely influenced by varna and caste systems, relious beliefs and taboos among others. This chapter will investigate into all such factors from the point of the view of examination.

For generations, India has a prevailing tradition of the joint family system. Usually, the oldest male member is the head in the joint Indian family system. But since the spur in urbanisation and economic development, India has witnessed a break up of traditional joint family into more nuclear-like families. This chapter will analyze the family structures, the bonds of kiths and kins in changing currents of the time.

Performing arts

These chapters will survey the ethereal beauty of performing arts of dance, drama and music in India. These are very important chapter from the exam point of view. Hence, these chapter will be made as graphical as possible to have an easy understanding of core concepts.

Dances of India

Main Page: Dances of India

Dances in India IconIndia has had a long romance with the art of dance. The Indian art of dance as taught in these ancient books, according to Ragini Devi, is the expression of inner beauty and the divine in man. In addition to the formal arts of Classical dances, Indian regions have a strong free form, folksy dance tradition.

This chapter will present you the wonderful tradition of dances in India.

Drama and Theatre

Main Page: Drama and Theatre

Indian drama and theatre has a long history alongside its music and dance. One of the oldest surviving theatre traditions of the world is the 2,000-year-old Kutiyattam of Kerala. It strictly follows the Natya Shastra. This art form of India has evolved into a rich tradition of diverse styles.

The puppetry in India has rich tradition which is also a part of theatre.


Main Page: Music

Indian Music IconMusic is an integral part of India's culture. Natyasastra, a 2000-year-old Sanskrit text, describes five systems of taxonomy to classify musical instruments. One of these ancient Indian systems classifies musical instruments into four groups according to four primary sources of vibration: strings, membranes, cymbals, and air.

The oldest preserved examples of Indian music are the melodies of the Samaveda (1000 BC) that are still sung in certain Vedic Śrauta sacrifices; this is the earliest account of Indian musical hymns.

This chapter will present you the most relevant knowledge for the UPSC examination in most organized manner.

Visual Arts

The visual arts of India have tremendous influence of religion upon them. The symbolism used in painting, sculpture and architecture is unmatched in its beauty and meaning. This chapter is also very important for the exam and hence will be detailed in good extent.


Main Page: Painting in India

Painting IconFrom the temple paintings to the ornamental streaks of many modern painters, painting is an art which changed course at many junctures of time. A journey from petroglyphs to murals to miniature paintings changed the styles but not the importance and sheer beauty of painting.

This topic will be presented in much graphical way as possible to make it a joy to learn.


Main Page: Sculpting in India

The first sculptures in India date back to the Indus Valley civilisation, where stone and bronze figures have been discovered. Later, as Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism developed further, India produced some extremely intricate bronzes as well as temple carvings.

This chapter will cover all the important schools and techniques in the art of sculpting.


Main Page: Architecture in India

Architecture-of-India-Icon.svgIndian architecture encompasses a multitude of expressions over space and time, constantly absorbing new ideas. The result is an evolving range of architectural production that nonetheless retains a certain amount of continuity across history.

India is home to the earliest remains of architectural wonders like the Indus valley civilization and later granduous town plannings. The traditional system of Vaastu Shastra serves as India's version of Feng Shui, influencing town planning, architecture, and ergonomics.

These all points will be covered in this topic which will certainly be a treat to the learners.

Languages and Literature

Main Page: Literary Arts

Sports and Martial Arts

  • Sports
  • Indian martial arts

Other Facets of Indian Culture

  • Festivals
  • Animals
  • Cuisine
  • Clothing

Popular Media

  • Television
  • Cinema

Perceptions of Indian culture


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Created by Vishal E on 2019/01/11 13:06
Translated into en by Vishal E on 2019/01/11 13:06