Central Armed Police Forces - AC

Updated on 2019/03/13 18:23

The Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) refers to the uniform nomenclature of seven security forces in India under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs. They are the Assam Rifles (AR), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Border Security Force (BSF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), National Security Guard (NSG), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB). The exam conducted by UPSC for Directly Appointed Gazetted Officers in the rank of Assistant Commandants is for BSF, CISF, CRPF, ITBP and SSB.



Exam pattern

Three phases

Phase I: Written exam

Paper-I: General Ability and Intelligence - 250 Marks
Paper-II: General Studies, Essay and Comprehension - 200 Marks

Phase II: PET & MST

Qualifying standards

Phase III: Interview/PT

150 Marks
Exam for which Rank in CAPFAssistant Commandant in BSF, CISF, CRPF, ITBP, SSB

Recruitment in CAPFs is conducted mainly in three modes:

  1. Gazetted Officers: Officers in CAPFs are recruited through Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandants) Examination conducted by UPSC. 
  2. Subordinate Officers: Sub Inspectors are recruited through competitive examination conducted by the Staff Selection Commission and they are referred as DASOs (Directly Appointed Subordinate Officers). 
  3. Constables: Constables are recruited through competitive examination conducted by the Staff Selection Commission.

This section deals with the first mode, i.e. the exam conducted by UPSC for the rank of Assistant Commandants.



  • No person who is not a citizen of India shall, except with the consent of the Central Government signified in writing be appointed or employed under these Rules.
  • Provided that nothing contained in these rules shall debar the appointment, enrollment or employment of a subject of Nepal or Bhutan under these Rules.


Both Male and Female candidates are eligible for appointment to the post of Assistant Commandants.

Educational Qualification

Here are the certain educational qualifications that the applicants must possess to be eligible for CAPF:

  • As part of UPSC CAPF Eligibility Criteria, candidates must hold a Bachelor’s degree from a government recognised university. The University should be incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India
  • Other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956 are also acceptable
  • Those candidates, who have appeared in the qualifying examination and have yet not got their results, can also apply for CAPF Exam. But, it must be kept in mind that the admission would be provisional until the candidate produces proof of passing the examination after qualifying the entrance test of CAPF

Age Limit

  • The candidate must have acquired a minimum age of 20 years. The upper age limit of the candidate must be 25 years. However, the upper age limit up to a maximum of five years can be relaxed for candidates belonging to SC/ST category
  • Up to a maximum of three years for the candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes can be relaxed
  • The candidate who wishes to apply for CAPF 2019 must be an Indian national. Both female and male candidates can apply for the CAPF exam. There are different medical standards set by UPSC to apply for the desired post through UPSC
  • The candidates who have already been once selected on the basis of the CAPF exam earlier cannot apply for the exam

Scheme and Syllabus of the Exam

Written Examination

The written examination is conducted by the UPSC and comprises two papers, i.e. Paper-I and Paper-II and the structure is as follows:

Paper-I: General Ability and Intelligence

The questions in this paper will be of objective (multiple answers) type in which the questions will be set in English as well as Hindi. The objective type questions with multiple choices in this paper will broadly cover the following areas:

  • General Mental Ability: The questions will be designed to test the logical reasoning, quantitative aptitude including numerical ability, and data interpretation.
  • General Science: The questions will be set to test general awareness, scientific temper, comprehension and appreciation of scientific phenomena of everyday observation including new areas of importance like Information Technology, Biotechnology, Environmental Science.
  • Current Events of National and International Importance: The questions will test the candidates’ awareness of current events of national and international importance in the broad areas of culture, music, arts, literature, sports, governance, societal and developmental issues, industry, business, globalisation, and interplay among nations.
  • Indian Polity and Economy: The questions shall aim to test candidates’ knowledge of the Country’s political system and the Constitution of India, social systems and public administration, economic development in India, regional and international security issues and human rights including its indicators.
  • History of India: The questions will broadly cover the subject in its social, economic and political aspects. This shall also include the areas of growth of nationalism and freedom movement.
  • Indian and World Geography: The questions shall cover the physical, social and economic aspects of geography pertaining to India and the World.

Paper-II: General Studies, Essay and Comprehension

The candidates will be allowed the option of writing the Essay Component in English or Hindi for this paper, but the medium of Precis Writing, Comprehension Components, and other communications/language skills will be English only.

Part A has essay questions which are to be answered in long narrative form either in Hindi or English totalling 80 Marks. Part B has Comprehension, précis writing, other communications/language skills – to be attempted in English only (Marks 120)

  • Part-A: Modern Indian history especially of the freedom struggle, geography, polity and economy, knowledge of security and human rights issues, and analytical ability.
  • Part-B: Comprehension passages, précis writing, developing counter arguments, simple grammar and other aspects of language testing.


  • In Paper II, candidates should have to ensure that they should have to write the answers only in the medium allowed by the Commission for the different Components as mentioned.
  • Other than the allowed medium, no credit will be given for answers written other than the selected language. So, candidates will be required to indicate the medium of Essay Component in the Attendance Lists and on the Answer Book.
  • No credit will be given for the Essay Component if the candidate indicates a medium on the Attendance List and on the Answer Book other than the one in which he/she has written the Essay.
  • In each paper, there will be minimum qualifying marks separately as fixed by the Commission in their discretion. Firstly, Paper-I will be evaluated and the evaluation of Paper-II will be done only for those candidates who obtain the minimum qualifying marks in Paper-I.


Known as Physical Standards/Physically Efficiency Test and Medical Standard Tests, these tests are as mentioned below: 

Type of TestMales - Standards to QualifyFemales - Standards to Qualify
100 meters race16 Seconds18 Seconds
800 meters race3 Minutes 45 Seconds4 Minutes 45 Seconds
Long jump3.5 Meters3 Meters
Shot put (7.26 Kgs)4.5 Meters 


  • At the time of PET, Pregnant female candidates will be a disqualified and the candidates will be rejected.
  • Medical Standards Tests, to check the standards specified in Appendix-VI, will be conducted only in respect of candidates who are declared qualified in the Physical Efficiency Test.
  • The Physical Standards/Physical Efficiency Tests and Medical Standards Tests will be conducted under the supervision of a Nodal Authority to be appointed by the Ministry of Home Affairs. These tests will be conducted at various centres to be notified after the results of the written examination. Appeals will be entertained only against the Medical Standards Tests and will have to be made to the Appellate Authority designated by the Ministry of Home Affairs within a period of 15 days from the date of declaration of the results of these tests.

Interview/Personality Test

  • The candidates who are declared qualified in the Medical Standards Tests will be called for Interview/Personality Test to be conducted by UPSC.
  • The candidates who are declared medically unfit but allowed to appear before the “Review Medical Board” on their appeal by the Appellate Authority will be called for Interview/Personality Tests provisionally.
  • The Interview/Personality Test will carry 150 Marks.
  • The candidates who are short-listed for Interview/Personality Test, including those shortlisted for Interview/Personality Test provisionally will be issued a Detailed Application Form (DAF) in which among other things, they will be required to indicate their preference of Forces.

Final Selection/Merit

The merit list will be drawn on the basis of marks obtained by the candidates in the Written Examination and Interview/Personality Test.

Created by Vishal E on 2019/03/13 18:14