Disaster response and Management

National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), 2005:

National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is an agency of the Ministry of HoUploading, please wait...me Affairs whose primary purpose is to coordinate response to natural or man-made disasters and for capacity-building in disaster resiliency and crisis response.

  • NDMA was established through the Disaster Management Act enacted by the Government of India in December 2005.
  • The Prime Minister is the ex-officio chairperson of NDMA.
  • The agency is responsible for framing policies, laying down guidelines and best-practices and coordinating with the State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs) to ensure a holistic and distributed approach to disaster management.

National policy on disaster management 2009

This policy aims at:

(i) Promoting a culture of prevention, preparedness and resilience at all levels through knowledge, innovation and education;

(ii) Encouraging mitigation measures based on technology, traditional wisdom and environmental sustainability;

(iii) Mainstreaming disaster management into the developmental planning process;

(iv) Establishing institutional and techno-legal frameworks to create an enabling regulatory environment and a compliance regime;

(v) Ensuring efficient mechanism for identification, assessment and monitoring of disaster risks;

(vi) Developing contemporary forecasting and early warning systems backed by responsive and fail-safe communication with information technology support;

(vii) Ensuring efficient response and relief with a caring approach towards the needs of the vulnerable sections of the society;

(viii) Undertaking reconstruction as an opportunity to build disaster resilient structures and habitat for ensuring safer living; and

(ix) Promoting a productive and proactive partnership with the media for disaster management. 

This policy of 2009 replaces the policy of 2005.

Country’s first National Disaster Management Plan, 2016

Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently released the National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP). This is the first ever national plan prepared in the country.


Make India disaster resilient, achieve substantial disaster risk reduction, and significantly decrease the losses of life, livelihoods, and assets – economic, physical, social, cultural, and environmental – by maximizing the ability to cope with disasters at all levels of administration as well as among communities.

Key facts:

  • The plan aims to make India disaster resilient and reduces loss of lives.
  • The plan is based on the four priority themes of the “Sendai Framework,” namely:
    1. Understanding disaster risk,
    2. Improving disaster risk governance,
    3. Investing in disaster risk reduction (through structural and non-structural measures) and
    1. Disaster preparedness, early warning and building back better in the aftermath of a disaster.
  • The plan covers all phases of disaster management: Prevention, Mitigation, Response and Recovery.
  • It provides for horizontal and vertical integration among all the agencies and departments of the Government.
  • The plan also spells out the roles and responsibilities of all levels of Government right up to Panchayat and Urban local body level in a matrix format.
  • The plan has a regional approach, which will be beneficial not only for disaster management but also for development planning.
  • It is designed in such a way that it can be implemented in a scalable manner in all phases of disaster management.
  • It also identifies major activities such as early warning, information dissemination, medical care, fuel, transportation, search and rescue, evacuation, etc. to serve as a checklist for agencies responding to a disaster.
  • It also provides a generalised framework for recovery and offers flexibility to assess a situation and build back better.
  • To prepare communities to cope with disasters, it emphasises on a greater need for Information, Education and Communication activities.
  • It even calls for ethical guidelines for the media for coverage of disasters as well as self-regulation. The plan wants the media to respect the dignity and privacy of affected people.
  • Also, in a move aimed to stop rumours and spread of panic, the plan directed the authorities to schedule regular media briefing (depending on the severity of the disaster) and designate a nodal officer for interacting with the media on behalf of the government.

Last modified: Monday, 14 October 2019, 4:02 PM