Introduction to Physiography

‘Physiography’ of an area is the outcome of structure, process and the stage of development. The land of India is characterised by great diversity in its physical features. Based on these macro variations, India can be divided into the following physiographic divisions

  1. The Northern and North-eastern Mountains 
  2. The Northern Plain 
  3. The Peninsular Plateau 
  4. The Indian Desert
  5. The Coastal Plains
  6. The Islands
Physiography verses Geology

Physiography (or physical geography) is that branch of natural science which deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment like the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere.

Geology is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time. Geology can also refer generally to the study of the solid features of any terrestrial planet.