The culture of India refers collectively to the thousands of distinct and unique cultures of all religions and communities present in India. India's languages, philosophies, religions, dance, music, architecture, food, and customs differs
from place to place within the country. The Indian culture, often labeled as an amalgamation of several cultures, spans across the Indian subcontinent and has been influenced by a history that is several millenniums old.
From the exam point of view, whole syllabus is divided into following chapters.
Main Page: Indian Philosophy
Philosophy has been a part of general attitude of Indian society.
Though it remained closely connected with religion, yet it maintained the required objectivity to be called as a philosophy. The theories of syatvaad, kshanikvaad and the vedantic traditions have been maintaining great influence on populace of
This chapter will survey all the important theories and thinkers of six major orthodox Hindu philosophies along with four other heterodox schools.
Social and Family Structure
Social structure in
India is largely influenced by varna and caste systems, religious beliefs and taboos among others. For generations, India has a prevailing tradition of the joint family system. Usually, the oldest male
member is the head in the joint Indian family system. But since the spur in urbanisation and economic development, India has witnessed a break up of traditional joint family into more nuclear-like families.
This chapter will present the cyclic influence of varna and caste system on culture and vice versa. It will also analyze the family structures and the bonds of kiths and kins in changing currents of the time.
Performing arts refers to forms of art in which artists use their voices, bodies or inanimate objects to convey artistic expression. They include a range of disciplines which are performed
in front of a live audience.
These chapters will survey the ethereal beauty of performing arts of dance, drama and music in India. Being very important from the point of view of exam, these chapters will be covered thoroughly. They will also be made as graphical as possible to have
an easy understanding of core concepts.
Dances of India
Main Page: Dances of India
India has had a long romance with the art of dance.
The Indian art of dance as taught in the ancient books, according to Ragini Devi, is the expression of inner beauty and the divine in man. In addition to the formal arts of Classical dances, Indian regions have a strong
free form, folksy dance tradition.
This chapter will present you the wonderful tradition of dances in India in text as well as in audio-visual format.
Drama and Theatre
Main Page: Drama and Theatre
Indian drama and theatre has a long history alongside its music and dance. Natya Shastra mentions
in detail the forms, norms and other rules to be adhered in dramas . This art form of India has evolved into a rich tradition of diverse styles.
The puppetry in India has rich tradition which is also a part of theatre.
Main Page: Music
Music is an integral part of India's culture. Natyasastra,
a 2000-year-old Sanskrit text, describes five systems of taxonomy to classify musical instruments. One of these ancient Indian systems classifies musical instruments into four groups according to four primary sources of vibration:
strings, membranes, cymbals, and air.
The oldest preserved examples of Indian music are the melodies of the Samaveda (1000 BC) that are still sung in certain Vedic Śrauta sacrifices; this is the earliest account of Indian musical hymns.
This chapter will present you the most relevant points regarding music for the UPSC examination in most organized manner.
It is different from visual arts, which is when artists use paint, canvas or various materials to create physical or static art objects. The visual arts of India have tremendous
influence of religion upon them. The symbolism used in painting, sculpture and architecture is unmatched in its beauty and meaning. This chapter is also very important for the exam and hence will be detailed in good extent.
Main Page: Painting in India
From the temple paintings to the ornamental
streaks of many modern painters, painting is an art which changed course at many junctures of time. A journey from petroglyphs to murals to miniature paintings changed the styles but not the importance and sheer beauty
This topic will be presented in graphical way as possible to make it a joy to learn.
Main Page: Sculpting in India
The first sculptures in India date
back to the Indus Valley civilisation, where stone and bronze figures have been discovered. Later, as Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism developed further, India produced some extremely intricate bronzes as well as temple carvings.
This chapter will cover all the important schools and techniques in the art of sculpting.
Main Page: Architecture in India
Indian architecture encompasses a multitude of expressions over space and time,
constantly absorbing new ideas. The result is an evolving range of architectural production that nonetheless retains a certain amount of continuity across history.
India is home to the earliest remains of architectural wonders like the Indus valley civilization and later granduous town plannings. The traditional system of Vaastu Shastra serves as India's version of Feng Shui, influencing town planning,
architecture, and ergonomics.
These all points will be covered in this topic which will certainly be a treat to the learners.
Languages and Literature
Main Page: Literary Arts
Sports and Martial Arts
- Indian martial arts
Other Facets of Indian Culture
Perceptions of Indian culture